Aluminium – A Feather Weight Metal

Introduction
Aluminum also known as Aluminium is a silvery white colored element which is classified under the boron group in chemical table. It’s symbol is Al and is the third most abundant element in earth. Aluminum is not available in native form since it is highly reactive and so is extracted from Bauxite ore using Hall-Heroult extraction process.

Aluminum density
Density of a material is defined as its mass per unit volume.
Mass is also called weight nowadays and it is the quantitative measure of resistance shown by an object to acceleration.
Volume is measure of three dimensional space occupied by an object.


Aluminum’s density is the lowest among the metals. It is well known for is low density and corrossion resistance.Aluminum density is only one third of the density of steel. The numerical value of aluminum density is 2.8g/cm3 or 2800kg/m3.Aluminum density can be further reduced by creating alloys from it.

Why is Aluminum density low compared to other metals?
Though aluminum atoms are arranged in Face Centered Cubic (FCC) structure which has a higher atomic packing factor than the Body Centered Cubic (BCC) structure of Iron or steel , it has lower density than steel due to the lower atomic number(Steel is considered as a light material but Aluminum has only half the number of atoms in iron using which steel is made.). Since the number of atoms are less, the resistance offered by aluminum gets reduced which results in lower density.

Applications
* Aluminum is used in aviation industries for the purpose of aeroplane manufacturing. Aluminum is also used in manufacturing of specific parts of other vehicles.
* Used in making foils used for packaging due to its high ductility.
* Used for making alloys which are used for different engineering applications.
* Used as heat sinks in electronics and transmission lines in electrical engineering.

The Density of Aluminum

Aluminum is a light in weight, strong and silvery white colored metal. It has an ‘Al’ symbol and is from the boron group. Besides that this metal under normal conditions is not soluble in water. As much as this metal is light it will sink in water. The density of aluminum stands at 2.7 g/mL which shows that it can sink. Because of its density this metal has a variety of uses as can be seen below.

The most common use of this metal is its uses in the manufacture of cans and foils. Due its properties that involves being made into thin sheets allows this metal to be thinned into aluminum foil and also moderately thicker sheets which are used to make cans.

Most kitchen utensils are made of aluminum, from spoons to cooking pans and also there are plates that are made of aluminum. This is because of its good conductivity of heat and also its untrusting qualities. But to achieve this it is combined with stainless steal.

In most industrial applications that require a light but strong material, aluminum is the best choice. I most storage facilities in such industries it is the only material used in making the storage facilities making it the most sought after metal.

It is also used in the manufacture of electricity wires. Although it has a low electrical conductivity than copper it is commonly used in the electrical transmission lines due to its lightness properties and also its price as compared to copper.

Its alloys with other metals are very vital in the manufacture of modern airplanes and rockets. It is one of the light but strong metals that are commonly used in the airplane factories and rocket making industries. To add on that it is used in the manufacture of planes and rockets because it can not react with air.

In conclusion, the density of aluminum makes this metal one of the metals that has very many uses ranging from industrial uses to domestic uses. This makes it the one of the most sought after metals.

Properties of Aluminium

Properties of Aluminium
Aluminium is the second most widely used metal after iron. Its unique combination of properties makes it very versatile and widely sought after in the construction industry. The following are its properties:

Weight – it is a light metal whose density is a third that of steel (2.7kg/m3).
Strength – its strength increases at low temperatures. At temperatures above 100 degrees

Celcius, it becomes very weak.

Linear expansion – it has a large coefficient of linear expansion.
Machining – it is easily milled, drilled, cut, punched and bent with low energy.
Formability – it is highly formable and this makes it very essential in extrusion. This is

why it is used for making foils and strips.

Conductivity – it is a good conductor of electricity with weight half of similar copper

conductor.

Reflectivity – it reflects well both visible light and radiated heat.
Screening EMC – tight aluminium boxes screen off electromagnetic radiation.
Resistance to corrosion – when aluminium reacts with oxygen in the air, a very thin layer

of oxide is formed. This layer is dense and protects the metal
from corrosion.

Durability – it is long lasting in neutral and slightly acidic environments.
Non magnetic – it cannot be attracted by any magnet hence it is used in magnet X-ray

devices to shield off interference of magnetic fields.

Zero toxicity – it is the most common element in the earth’s crust after oxygen and silicon and also occurs naturally in food.

These properties of aluminium are what makes it a widely used metal in the world. It’s uses vary from one industry to another in the making of aircrafts bodies because of its light weight ability, lightweight vehicles, ladders for use to ascend on electric or telecommunication poles, drinking cans and roofing materials, greenhouses, window frames, boilers, cookers and cookware, overhead power cables, mirrors, reflectors and heat resistant clothing for fire fighting.

Facts About Aluminum Extrusion

If someone asked you what is aluminum extrusion, chances are that you won’t know the answer. You might not be aware of the process itself; however, there are many products that come through this process. Here, a material, such as a polymer or a metal, is passed through a dye to acquire a desired output, a product of a particular shape, with a determined set of specifications.

The process of aluminum extrusion provides to the manufacturer the freedom of producing variety of patters as required for the project. Objects like windows, sidings, doors, canopies and other parts of the house are some of the products that are made from this process. There are various treatments, sizes, and alloys in this process so that a manufacturer can produce according to the demand of the project. One can add features in the project when required; manufacturing a particular shape is a not a problem with aluminum extrusion process.

Many industries use aluminum extrusion to manufacture their necessities. Transportation uses this process to manufacture aircrafts, vehicles, boats etc. Many parts of the locomotives are made using this process. As aluminum is quite strong and is not heavy, it provides vehicles the ability to handle much load without compromising on speed. The ability of aluminum to resist the effects of temperature and water makes it a sought-after metal in the whole of transportation industry.

Besides, this process is also used in medical industry to manufacture dental equipments. Many sports and exercise equipments are made using this process.
Aluminum extrusion has reduced the limitations for manufacturing products. Without, we will be missing several products that we use in day to day life, and most of them won’t be as efficient as they are. Whether they’re household products or medical equipment, this process has proved its significance many times.

Aluminium Sheet

About 8% of the earth’s crust is aluminium. It has become one of the most important metals in the world today used for a wide range of purposes. Several alloys are made of Aluminium and other metals due to its unique ability to endure rusting and fire. The same is the reason for the increased affection for aluminium sheet as opposed to the others such as Iron Sheets that are heavier and also rust. It is thus a more durable option than the latter hence its high demand from clients.

You get the sheets in various dimensions meant for a number of purposes. Most of them are used in the manufacture of equipment and machines that need to be as light as possible. Aircraft companies are a huge market for the aluminium sheet due to its light weight. It has a density of 27g/cm3 which is very light as opposed to other metal sheets.

Another merit of the sheets made of aluminium is the fact that they are cheaper than other options. They are also easy to move from one place to another thus require less energy. They are thus an economically viable option for many metal workers in the world today, hence the increasing affection. Most of the industries and companies that need the aluminium sheets prefer it largely due to the points stated above. Private individuals also look for the products for various needs at homes of for businesses.

From a number of online shops, one can see the various dimensions of the aluminium sheet products. They come in various areas and thicknesses due to varying needs. You can get further details on the targeted uses by looking at product descriptions or inquiring from the stores. You will then be able to get the right product if in any case you need it for your own purposes.

Density Of Aluminum And Its Role

Aluminum is one of the most useful metals on earth and density of aluminum plays an important role in making it useful for several purposes. Many other elements such as iron and brass are also used in various industries for construction and other purposes but if aluminum has been given preference over these metals for construction and it wouldn’t be wrong to say that density of aluminum has a big role to play in its common use in construction and for other purposes. As you read on you will find out about the many uses of aluminum in many fields and industries.

2700 kilograms per cubic meter or 2.7g/cm-3 is the density of aluminum. If you look around you will find out that most of the things around you made from metal have aluminum used in them. From heavy airplane making industries to the small spoons used at home to eat food can be made from this light weight element. Along with the density of aluminum its other characteristics also contribute to its popular use in various fields. For example, the beverage industries use it because of its highly malleable character and also the fact that it is easily recyclable.

If you look at the automotive industry you will find out that more and more vehicle manufacturers are making use of this element once again for low density of aluminum. For automotive industry fuel efficiency has always been a big concern and the heavier the vehicles the harder it becomes to attain that efficiency. The low density of aluminum once again makes the automotive industry use this element in the making of cars, trucks and other means of transport. By using this lightweight element they are to obtain their fuel efficiency target more easily than they could with iron.

Other uses of aluminum include the aluminum foils that are used in wrapping the food or keeping other things safe from the sunlight. Even that small gum you eat while playing sports is wrapped in that shiny wrapper made out of aluminum. You can easily see how density of aluminum makes it usable for almost anything you can think of. If you don’t eat bubble gum, you must have had a drink at least once in your life. Once again the density of aluminum makes it a perfect choice for beverage industries to pack their beverages in aluminum cans that can be easily recycled later on.

Density Of Aluminum – An Incredible Property

Aluminum is an abundant ferrous metal in nature, which makes up to 8% of the earth’s crust. Aluminum does not occur in free form naturally. It is extracted from rocks, gemstones, minerals and specifically aluminum silicate. Nevertheless, aluminum is mainly extracted form the ore called bauxite. Pure aluminum has many properties such as light weight, odorless, non magnetic, lowest melting point among metals and most importantly low density of aluminum. In addition, aluminum is widely spread around the globe and is also highly reactive. In spite of being most reactive, aluminum is corrosion resistant. Low density of aluminum makes it a very precious metal in today’s world where every manufacturing sector is working to produce ducts with lowest possible density, weight and volume.

Since aluminum is extracted conveniently, the epoch of inexpensive aluminum started. Initially, ALCOA (Aluminum company of America) begun with producing 25 kilograms of Aluminum, and by 1990 the company achieved the benchmark by producing 41,000 kilograms of Aluminum a day. Today Aluminum is preferred by most manufacturing companies because of low density of aluminum. The numeric value of density of aluminum is 2.72 grams per cubic meter. Because of this property, vast application of aluminum lays in cans, foil papers, kitchen utensils, aircrafts, rockets etc. Secondly, when aluminum is mixed with other metals, it becomes stronger than steel.

Because Aluminum is naturally composed as low density of Aluminum, it is economically transported. Furthermore, this property also facilitates the user with easy handling of the equipment. Additionally, on the basis of light weight and low cost, aluminum is a better conductor of heat as compared to other metals. This also makes aluminum use relevant in heat exchangers. However, aluminum is also blessed with inflammability property, which makes it more versatile. This is not enough, density of aluminum is also responsible for its properties such as malleability and ductility. It is also environmental friendly because it does not produce toxic fumes even at high temperatures.

Density of aluminum is about one third of steel, which make is preferable in the manufacturing of aircrafts. Aerospace, Aviation, automobile and food industry also makes use of aluminum because of its light weight. Aluminum is 20% to 40% lighter then steel, but thrice expensive than steel. Moreover, low density of aluminum has advantage of copper electricity transmission lines, even though its electric conductivity is only about 65% of that of cooper. Last not but the least, this fantastic property of aluminum enables less energy consumption.